Arthritis Symptoms | Causes and Risk Factors | Complications | Diagnosis of Rheumatoid | Treatment | Prevention | Alternative Therapies
Inflammation of the joints (arthritis) is an infection that can affect the knees, joints of the palm of the hand, or a section of the spine. The most common types of arthritis are: Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Pain and stiffness (hardness) in the joints - are the basic symptoms of arthritis.
Types is less prevalent than rheumatoid arthritis may be due to other medical problems, affecting other parts of the body, such as Lupus, which may affect the kidneys, lungs, joints, psoriasis disease which is basically a skin disease, and sometimes affects the joints as well.
The most common symptoms of arthritis related to the type of inflammation and can include:
- Fall in the range of motion.
Some species of its signs and symptoms affect other organs in the body arthritis. These symptoms include:
- High body temperature
- Drop in weight
- Breathing problems
- Dryness of the eyes and mouth.
The causes and risk factors for arthritis
Associated with arthritis pain arises as a result of joint injury.
Detailed consists of the following parts:
- Meniscus (Arthrodial cartilage) - hardcover, but the smooth, on the outskirts of the bones. Can the articular cartilage of the bone movement smoothly (easily), one above the other.
- Portfolio articular (Articular Capsule) - measured the membrane enveloping the core of all the detailed parts.
- Synovium (Synovial membrane) - thin membrane that surrounds the portfolio articular synovial fluid is produced (Synovial fluid) used as a lubricant for the joint motion.
How inflammation affects the joints?
The most common types of arthritis afflict the joints in different ways:
Osteoarthritis: tearing cartilage damage and may generate a situation where one bone moving on the other afternoon, causing Taklhma together, causing pain and limiting the extent of movement of the joint. The process of tearing cartilage damage and can persist for many years, and can occur rapidly as a result of injury or infection in the joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis: In this type of arthritis attacks the synovial membrane of the immune system and cause the inflammation leading to swelling, redness and pain in the joint. The disease may lead, eventually, to the destruction of cartilage and grandeur related Bamufsal.
The risk of arthritis include factors:
Family history - Some types of arthritis is hereditary, so the risk of these types will be higher in people with a family history with the disease (ie who have fathers, mothers, brothers or sisters had the disease before). Not the genes that cause the disease, but it raises the degree of sensitivity to environmental factors that cause the disease.
Alsn- with age, increases the risk of many types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Gans- women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis Aromatoda (Rheumatoid arthritis), while the majority of people with gout are men.
Mufsal- previous injuries to the people who have been exposed to infection in the joint during athletic activity, for example, are susceptible to arthritis in the same detailed injured previously.
Obesity - Carrying extra weight puts pressure on the joints, especially the knees, pelvis and spine. People with excess obesity often exposed to infection arthritis.
Severe arthritis, especially when it affects the hands or arms, can be difficult for the patient to do everyday tasks simple. Arthritis in the joints that carry weight may make it difficult for the patient to walk or sit upright. In certain cases, you may pervert the joints and deformed.
Diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis
Physicians are advised to perform some of the tests detailed below, depending on the type of arthritis that complain about his presence.
- Laboratory tests:
Analysis and examination of different liquids in the body can help in determining the type of hepatitis.
The fluids that are being tested and analysed are:
- the blood
- Detailed media
For a sample of the joint fluid, the doctor sterilise and numb the skin and then inserting a needle into the joint cavity, to pull a little of the liquid found inside it.
- take photo:
These tests can notation on the problems in the joint cause the symptoms of arthritis, including:
- X-ray image
- MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging - MRI)
In certain cases, the doctor looking for in the joint injury by entering a small, flexible tube called a "arthroscope" through the slot next to the joint. Endoscope transmits images of the joint cavity to the video screen.
The treatment of arthritis
There are many drugs to treat arthritis, according to the type of inflammation.
Common drugs for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis include:
Analgesic drugs Oujaa- help this type of medication to ease the pain, but it does not affect the inflammation. Counter medications to stimuli
Anti-inflammatory drugs is not steroid (Non - steroidal Anti - Inflammatory Drug - NSAID) drugs that relieve rheumatism to change the nature of the disease (Disease - modifying antirheumatic drug - DMARD )
Biologih- drugs used these drugs, usually, through combined with DMARD drugs. Biological interaction adaptors are genetically engineered materials and aim to curb the work of the immune system.
- Physical therapy : It can be effective in the treatment of different types of arthritis. Aerobic exercise can increase the range of motion and strengthen the surrounding muscles Bamufsal. It may be installed by the joint splint useful in certain situations.
- Surgery: If you do not help the traditional methods of treatment did not achieve the desired results, the doctor may recommend a surgical procedure, such as:
- Eradicate the synovium (synovial membrane)
- Knuckle switch
- Detailed integration.
Prevention of arthritis
There are not known and clear for the prevention of arthritis way, but maintaining a healthy weight and attendance physical exercise permanently would reduce the risk of injury.
People with gout prefer to avoid:
- Drinking alcohol
- Eat the internal organs, like the liver and kidneys
Deals with a lot of people of alternative medicine to treat arthritis, but there is little evidence of drug efficacy. Some alternative medicines help alleviate certain symptoms of all types of arthritis.
Better methods of alternative therapy for arthritis include:
- Alert nerves electrically through the skin (Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation - TENS)
Question and Answer
1 Q: Are there alternative ways of treating atrophic arthritis (osteoarthritis)?
A: Some medical studies have found that dietary supplements glucosamine and Khundroatin may ease pain in some people who suffer from arthritis Aalthab atrophic, especially when the disease affects the knees. It has not been proven that glucosamine can help rebuild cartilage.
There are people who use methyl - Solfonimetan (MSM) and - S Adnusin - methionine (SAM-e) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, but the medical effectiveness is questionable. MSM is a natural compound that takes a dietary supplement. Acupuncturist and treatments Electric Albio- can even help ease the pain.
2 Q: What are the pros and cons arthroscopy knee surgery compared with Amlahastbdal knee Andalven suffering from degenerative disease of cartilage (osteoarthritis)?
A: Arthroscopy knee surgery prefer the open surgery for knee replacement, in cases of a knee injury , is to be relatively mild, or in the early stages of the disease. The reason is, it is better to avoid surgery a big knee as long as the piece was possible. The open surgical process involves the events of a large incision in the knee, with a great risk for the occurrence of a shock for the tissue - bleeding and localised contamination, which can be for the patient to be avoided by making relatively simple small surgery unfair.
On the other hand, the arthroscopy knee surgery does not correct the whole problem, and only reduces the friction of the cartilage in the joint with each other. Patients who want absolute solution of the problem has no choice but to make the replacement of the knee.
3 Q: How much time during the expected occurrence of healing after knee arthroscopy knee surgery?
A: Full recovery for the knee and return to full use of the leg after arthroscopy knee surgery is an individual, and depends on the patient 's age, general health, his health and his physical strength before surgery, the degree of pain before surgery, and the problem for which he conducted the surgery.
Injuries of the rupture in the muscle strip usually heal after a period much longer than the detailed movement problems, for example, which is usually relatively quickly corrected after surgery.
Must return to put the whole foot on the ground and walk the gradual since the first days after the operation - initially to help crutches, and after the piece by assistive devices for Mshee- stick, crutches or Walker.
Most people walk without assistance after 2-6 weeks. However, not recommended for jogging or jumping on the joint.
4 Q: What does treatment after knee arthroscopy knee operation?
A: Alkhaddoah after surgery for knee arthroscopy Sometimes it requires a complementary therapy rehabilitation at the Institute who specialises in rehabilitation, or as part of the treatment in the foreign clinic. Pal is recommended natural remedy as soon as possible, which is designed for the early in the movement of the joint, reducing pain and mobility as soon as possible.
Also, some patients benefit from the treatment against pain for a period of time, or the anti-inflammatory treatment with the appropriate preparations as much as needed.
Usually no need to inject steroids to detail.