A Brief Look At The Life Of The One Who Spread Islam To The Corners Of The World.
It is an agreed-upon tenet of faith of the Ahle Sunnah that after the Prophets (May peace be upon them), the Companions (May Allah be well pleased with them) enjoy the highest status. These are those personalities who had the honor of seeing the blessed face of the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) with their physical eyes in a state of faith, as Muslims, and passed away as such. The 4 Righteous Caliphs are superior to all other Companions. Their excellence and accomplishments are also in the order of their caliphate.
Allah Most High has promised paradise to all the Companions as given in the Holy Quran:
Those of you who spent (their wealth in the way of Allah before Meccan Victory) and fought (in their defence), they (and you) cannot be equal. They are far higher in rank than those who spent their wealth afterwards and fought. But Allah has promised the most pleasing end (i.e., Paradise) to all in the Hereafter. Surah Hadeed (57:10)
The 2nd Caliph of Islam, the differentiator of truth and falsehood, the father of Hadhrat Hafsa, Hadhrat ‘Umar bin Khattab (May Allah be well pleased with him) has been given special glad tidings apart from this general one as well. Allah Most High spread Islam through him and has let truth emanate on his blessed tongue and has made him the one to demarcate between truth and falsehood.
Hadhrat Umat Farooq (May Allah be well pleased with him) is the 2nd caliph of Islam. Through him, Allah Ta'ala promoted the message of Islam. Allah Ta'ala established truth on the tongue of Hadhrat Umar and made him the line of demarcation between truth and falsehood.
Imam Nawawi (May Allah shower His mercy on him) has written that Hadhrat Umar (May Allah be well pleased with him) was born 13 years after the Year of the Elephants (which is described in Surah Feel). (Tarikh Ul Khulafa, Vol. 1, Pg. No. 43)
His name and Kunniyah
His name is “‘Umar,” Kunniyah is “Abu Hafs” and he is famous as “Farooq.” (the just).
His lineage is this:
Hadhrat ‘Umar bin Khattab bin Nufail bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza bin Rayah bin Qarat bin Razah bin ‘Adi bin Ka’ab bin Luai.